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Int J Cancer. 2005 Mar 20;114(2):268-73.

Dominant B cell epitope from NY-ESO-1 recognized by sera from a wide spectrum of cancer patients: implications as a potential biomarker.

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Department of Urology and Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, 66-118 Center for Health Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Box 951738, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.


Monitoring the spontaneous antibody (Ab) response against a panel of relevant tumor-associated antigens (TAA) in cancer patients may provide useful information regarding the clinical status of cancer. However, current Ab detection approaches require the purification of recombinant proteins, which is often difficult to achieve. In order to bypass the purification of recombinant proteins, we identified a dominant B-cell epitope from a shared tumor antigen NY-ESO-1. A synthetic peptide of the epitope, ESO:1-40, was as sensitive as the recombinant protein for detecting Ab against NY-ESO-1 in most patients. NY-ESO-1 specific Ab present in the sera of patients with melanoma, prostate cancer, nonsmall cell lung cancer, esophageal cancer, gastric cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma reacted with the dominant peptide at a similar frequency as the recombinant protein. To our knowledge, ESO:1-40 is the first peptide epitope recognized by sera from a wide spectrum of cancer patients but not healthy donors. This simple and straightforward approach may allow the investigation of the clinical significance of spontaneous Ab responses against multiple TAA and their correlation with the clinical course of malignant diseases in the future.

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