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Chest. 2004 Nov;126(5):1473-9.

Elevated production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha by monocytes in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Author information

1
First Department of Internal Medicine, Showa University, School of Medicine, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142, Japan. minochan@fn.catv.ne.jp

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In the present study, we examined TNF-alpha production by monocytes, serum levels of TNF-alpha, and the effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS).

DESIGN:

Prospective observational study.

SETTING:

University hospital.

SUBJECTS:

Twenty-four patients with OSAS, 15 obese control subjects, and 12 healthy subjects.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

After polysomnography, venous blood was collected at 5 am. Spontaneous production of TNF-alpha by monocytes for 24 h and serum levels of TNF-alpha were investigated. In addition, patients with moderate-to-severe OSAS were treated with nCPAP for 1 month, and spontaneous production of TNF-alpha by monocytes and serum levels of TNF-alpha were also measured. Spontaneous production of TNF-alpha by monocytes was significantly higher in patients with moderate-to-severe OSAS than in patients with mild OSAS (p < 0.0001), obese control subjects (p < 0.0001), or healthy subjects (p < 0.0001). Serum levels of TNF-alpha were also significantly higher in patients with moderate-to-severe OSAS than in patients with mild OSAS (p < 0.03), obese control subjects (p < 0.0005), or healthy subjects (p < 0.0001). Duration of hypoxia during total sleep time was independently associated with spontaneous production of TNF-alpha by monocytes in patients with OSAS and healthy and obese control subjects. nCPAP significantly decreased spontaneous production of TNF-alpha by monocytes (p < 0.03) and serum levels of TNF-alpha (p < 0.05) in patients with moderate-to-severe OSAS.

CONCLUSIONS:

Spontaneous production of TNF-alpha by monocytes and serum levels of TNF-alpha are elevated in patients with moderate-to-severe OSAS but are decreased by nCPAP.

PMID:
15539715
DOI:
10.1378/chest.126.5.1473
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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