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Immunity. 2004 Nov;21(5):707-17.

Genetic evidence linking SAP, the X-linked lymphoproliferative gene product, to Src-related kinase FynT in T(H)2 cytokine regulation.

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Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, Clinical Research Institute of Montreal, Montréal, Québec H2W 1R7, Canada.


SAP is an adaptor mutated in X-linked lymphoproliferative disease. It plays a critical role in T helper 2 (T(H)2) cytokine production. This function was suggested to reflect the capacity of SAP to associate with SLAM family receptors and enable tyrosine phosphorylation signaling by these receptors through SAP-mediated recruitment of Src-related kinase FynT. Here, we addressed by genetic means the importance of the SAP-FynT interaction in normal T cell functions. By creating a mouse in which the FynT binding site of SAP was inactivated in the germ line (sap(R78A) mouse) and by analyzing mice lacking SAP, FynT or SLAM, evidence was obtained that the SAP-FynT cascade is indeed crucial for normal T(H)2 functions in vitro and in vivo. These data imply that SAP is necessary for T(H)2 cytokine regulation primarily as a result of its capacity to recruit FynT. They also establish a previously unappreciated role for FynT in SAP-dependent T(H)2 cytokine regulation.

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