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Hum Genet. 2005 Jan;116(1-2):17-22. Epub 2004 Nov 6.

A new locus for nonsyndromic deafness DFNB49 maps to chromosome 5q12.3-q14.1.

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  • 1National Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, 87-West Canal Bank Road, Thokar Niaz Baig, Lahore 53700, Pakistan.


Cosegregation of markers on chromosome 5q12.3-q14.1 with profound congenital deafness in two Pakistani families (PKDF041 and PKDF141) defines a new recessive deafness locus, DFNB49. A maximum two-point lod score of 4.44 and 5.94 at recombination fraction theta=0 was obtained for markers D5S2055 and D5S424 in families PKDF041 and PKDF141, respectively. Haplotype analysis revealed an 11 cM linkage region flanked by markers D5S647 (74.07 cM) and D5S1501 (85.25 cM). Candidate deafness genes in this region include SLC30A5, OCLN, GTF2H2, and BTF3, encoding solute carrier family 30 (zinc transporter) member 5, occludin, RNA polymerase II transcription initiation factor, and basic transcription factor 3, respectively. Sequence analysis of the coding exons of SLC30A5 in DNA samples from two affected individuals of families PKDF041 and PKDF141 revealed no mutation. The mapping of DFNB49 further confirms the heterogeneity underlying autosomal recessive forms of nonsyndromic deafness.

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