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Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2004 Dec;18(4):212-21.

Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on cognition, behavior, and the rest-activity rhythm in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, combined type.

Author information

1
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Landspitali-University Hospital, Reykjavík, Iceland. soljonsd@landspitali.is

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on cognition, behavior, and the rest-activity rhythm in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, combined type (ADHD-CT).

METHODS:

Twenty-two children diagnosed with ADHD-CT received TENS treatment during 6 weeks, 2 times 30 min a day. Neuropsychological tests were administered to assess cognition, parent/teacher behavioral rating scales were used to measure behavior, and actigraphy was used to assess the rest-activity rhythm.

RESULTS:

TENS appeared to have a moderate beneficial influence on cognitive functions that load particularly on executive function. There was also improvement in behavior as measured by parent/teacher behavioral rating scales. Moreover, motor restlessness during sleep and motor activity during the day decreased by TENS.

CONCLUSIONS:

The effects of TENS in children with ADHD are modest but encouraging and warrant further research.

PMID:
15537992
DOI:
10.1177/1545968304270759
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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