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Stem Cells. 2004;22(6):1015-29.

Intracellular localization and constitutive endocytosis of CXCR4 in human CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells.

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INSERM U362, Institut Gustave Roussy, PR1, 39 Rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif, France.


CXCR4, the stromal cell-derived factor-1 receptor, plays an important role in the migration of hematopoietic progenitor/stem cells. The surface and cytoplasmic expression of CXCR4 on human hematopoietic CD34(+) cells was investigated. We show that its surface expression is low, whereas a large part of CXCR4 protein is sequestered intracellularly. Using confocal microscopy, we demonstrated that CXCR4 is colocalized with EEA-1, Rab5, Rab4, and Rab11, which are localized in early and recycling endosomes. No significant colocalization of CXCR4 with lysosomal markers CD63 and Lamp-1 was detected. Using antibody feeding experiments, we report a role for CXCR4 constitutive endocytosis in subcellular localization in stably transduced UT7-CXCR4-GFP and CD34(+) cells. Agonist-independent endocytosis of CXCR4 occurs through clathrin-coated vesicles. These data implicate a constitutive endocytosis in the regulation of CXCR4 membrane expression and suggest that constitutive endocytosis may be involved in the regulation of trafficking the human hematopoietic progenitor/stem cells to and in the bone marrow microenvironment.

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