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Hepatogastroenterology. 2004 Nov-Dec;51(60):1694-7.

The value of omentoplasty in protecting colorectal anastomosis from leakage. A prospective randomized study in 126 patients.

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Department of Surgery, University of L'Aquila, Coppito, Italy.



Anastomotic leakage is a major cause of mortality in colorectal surgery. Several methods have been evaluated in order to prevent anastomotic leakage. To decrease the rate and severity of anastomotic leakage, omentoplasty (OP) has been proposed by several authors on the basis of experimental and clinical studies. A prospective, randomized trial was designed to study the influence of omentoplasty on anastomotic leakage after colorectal resection.


One hundred and twenty-six patients undergoing elective or emergency surgery for malignancy, benign tumor, diverticular disease and other were randomly assigned to omentoplasty (OP group) or not (NO group). The primary end point was the rate of clinical and radiological anastomotic leakage. Both groups were comparable in terms of demographic data, preoperative characteristics and intraoperative findings.


Eighteen patients (14.3%) had anastomotic leakage, 4 (6.4%) in the OP group and 14 (21.9%) in the NO group. Significant differences (P<0.05) between the two groups were also found in terms of repeat operation (3.2% vs. 14.1%) and deaths (3.2 vs. 7.8%). Other factors associated with anastomotic leakage were the distal site of anastomosis (<5 cm from anal verge) and the emergency.


Omental wrap, with its mechanical and biological properties, seems to be effective in lowering the rate and the severity of anastomotic leakage after colorectal surgery.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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