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Neurochem Res. 2004 Oct;29(10):1801-6.

Ebselen protects Ca2+ influx blockage but does not protect glutamate uptake inhibition caused by Hg2+.

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Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.


The goal of this study was to investigate the isolated and combined effect of ebselen and Hg2+ on calcium influx and on glutamatergic system. We examined the in vitro effects of 2 phenyl-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3(2H)-ona), (Ebselen) on 45Ca2+ influx in synaptosomes of rat at rest and during depolarization and glutamate uptake into synaptosomes. Entry of 45Ca was measured during exposure to mercury in non-depolarizing and depolarizing solutions. Ebselen abolished the inhibition of 45Ca2+ influx on non-depolarizing conditions; however, ebselen did no modify inhibition uptake of 45Ca2+ caused by Hg2+ in high K+ depolarizing medium. Ebselen did not modify glutamate uptake inhibition caused by Hg2+ in synaptosomes. These results indicate that ebselen has an in vitro protective effect against Hg2+ induced inhibition of Ca2+ influx into synaptosomes, depending on the depolarizing conditions of the assay. The effects of Hg2+ on glutamate uptake were not modified by ebselen, suggesting that its protection is dependent on the target protein considered.

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