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J Safety Res. 2004;35(5):513-21.

Have young workers more injuries than older ones? An international literature review.

Author information

1
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Occupational Safety, Topeliuksenkatu 41b, FI-00250 Helsinki, Finland. simo.salminen@ttl.fi

Abstract

PROBLEM:

Two questions were posed in this global literature review: Do young workers have a higher occupational injury rate? Are the injuries of young workers more often fatal than those of older workers?

METHOD:

The studies of nonfatal and fatal injuries were collected based on the following criteria: (a) published in peer-reviewed journals; (b) the young workers were under 25 years of age; (c) the injury rate or fatality rate of young workers and the overall rate was published; and (d) description of the population and the number of injuries was presented.

RESULTS:

The majority of 63 nonfatal studies reported showed that young workers had a higher injury rate than older workers. Twenty-nine out of 45 studies on fatal occupational injuries indicated that young workers had a lower fatality rate than older workers. These results are clearer for men than for women.

IMPACT ON INDUSTRY:

The results showed that young men were a risk group for occupational injuries. However, the injuries of young workers were reported as less often fatal than those of older workers.

PMID:
15530925
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsr.2004.08.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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