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Am Surg. 2004 Oct;70(10):901-5.

Hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is safe and results in increased kidney donation.

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Transplantation Institute, Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, California, USA.


The impact of hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy on kidney allograft function, perioperative complications, and organ supply was evaluated by retrospective analysis of 41 hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy patients and their recipients between January and October 2003. Serum creatinine at discharge, length of stay, estimated blood loss, operative time, and perioperative complications were analyzed. The mean values for laparoscopic donors and their recipients were 1.2 +/- 0.3 and 1.3 +/- 0.8 mg/dL for creatinine, 3.3 +/- 0.8 and 6.7 +/- 3 days for length of stay, and 110.4 +/- 76.9 and 111.6 +/- 56 mL for estimated blood loss, respectively. No major complications occurred in the laparoscopic donors. The number of living kidney donors increased by 94% compared to the mean of the previous 4 years following implementation of the laparoscopic program. Hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is safe, results in excellent allograft function, and significantly increases donation.

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