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Neuroimage. 2004 Nov;23(3):983-96.

Improving permutation test power for group analysis of spatially filtered MEG data.

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1
The Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, University of Toronto, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6A 2E1. wchau@rotman-baycrest.on.ca

Abstract

Non-parametric statistical methods, such as permutation, are flexible tools to analyze data when the population distribution is not known. With minimal assumptions and better statistical power compared to the parametric tests, permutation tests have recently been applied to the spatially filtered magnetoencephalography (MEG) data for group analysis. To perform permutation tests on neuroimaging data, an empirical maximal null distribution has to be found, which is free from any activated voxels, to determine the threshold to classify the voxels as active at a given probability level. An iterative procedure is used to determine the distribution by computing the null distribution, which is recomputed when a possible activated voxel is found within the current distributions. Besides the high computational costs associated with this approach, there is no guarantee that all activated voxels are excluded when constructing the maximal null distribution, which may reduce the statistical power. In this study, we propose a novel way to construct the maximal null distribution from the data of the resting period. The approach is tested on the MEG data from a somatosensory experiment, and demonstrated that the approach could improve the power of the permutation test while reducing the computational cost at the same time.

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