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J Chem Phys. 2004 Nov 8;121(18):9103-10.

Dynamic light scattering by optically anisotropic colloidal particles in polyacrylamide gels.

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Instituto de Física Manuel Sandoval Vallarta, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Alvaro Obregón 64, 78000 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico.


The translational and rotational motions of optically anisotropic spherical particles embedded in cross-linked polyacrylamide gels is studied by dynamic light scattering. The particles are liquid crystal droplets solidified in the nematic phase. The amount of cross linkers is varied to cross the sol-gel transition where the system becomes nonergodic for both translational and rotational diffusion modes of the probes. The translational and rotational dynamic correlation functions are obtained by measuring the intensity correlation function between crossed polarizers in the parallel and perpendicular geometries. Data from nonergodic systems is analyzed using an extension, to include rotations, of the method of Pusey and van Megen [Physica A 157, 705 (1989)]. Both diffusion modes are observed to be arrested as the rigidity of the gel increases.

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