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Kidney Int. 1992 Feb;41(2):326-33.

Adrenalectomy ameliorates ablative nephropathy in the rat independently of corticosterone maintenance level.

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Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.


The roles of the adrenal gland and of dietary protein level in ablative nephropathy in the rat were examined by comparing adrenalectomized rats, replaced with corticosterone at low physiological (1 and 2) or high physiological (3 and 4) levels with intact rats (5 and 6). All groups were subjected to 5/6 nephrectomy and followed 12 weeks on a regular diet (2, 4 and 6) or a reduced protein diet (1, 3 and 5). Groups 1, 2, 5 and 6 all grew at the same rate but groups 3 and 4 grew less, though food intake was nearly the same in all. Higher dietary protein, higher corticosterone maintenance level, and the presence of intact adrenal glands all increased proteinuria significantly. Extracellular fluid volume (82Br space) was identical in all groups at 8 and 12 weeks, because the animals were given a choice of water or saline to drink. Mortality was highest (50%) in Group 6 and lowest (11%) in Group 1, but these differences were not significant. Final inulin clearance was significantly improved by adrenalectomy when non-survivors were scored as having zero clearance, but not if the analysis was limited to survivors. It was not affected by diet or by corticosterone level. Renal histopathological scores were also improved significantly by adrenalectomy and by protein restriction, but were not influenced by corticosterone level. Thus adrenalectomy and dietary protein restriction independently ameliorate ablative nephropathy, but corticosterone replacement level has no effects, except on proteinuria.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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