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Phys Rev Lett. 2004 Oct 15;93(16):166402. Epub 2004 Oct 13.

Phase analysis of quantum oscillations in graphite.

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University of Picardie Jules Verne, Laboratory of Condensed Matter Physics, Amiens, 80039, France.


The quantum de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) and Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations measured in graphite were decomposed by pass-band filtering onto contributions from three different groups of carriers. Generalizing the theory of dHvA oscillations for 2D carriers with an arbitrary spectrum and by detecting the oscillation frequencies using a method of two-dimensional phase-frequency analysis which we developed, we identified these carriers as (i) minority holes having a 2D parabolic massive spectrum p(2)(perpendicular)/2m(perpendicular), (ii) massive majority electrons with a 3D spectrum and (iii) majority holes with a 2D Dirac-like spectrum +/-vp(perpendicular) which seems to be responsible for the unusual strongly-correlated electronic phenomena in graphite.

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