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Phys Rev Lett. 2004 Oct 8;93(15):156805. Epub 2004 Oct 8.

Two-flux composite fermion series of the fractional quantum Hall states in strained Si.

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Department of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA.


Magnetotransport properties are investigated in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron system in the strained Si quantum well of a (100) Si(0.75)Ge(0.25)/Si/Si(0.75)Ge0.25 heterostructure, at temperatures down to 30 mK and in magnetic fields up to 45 T. We observe around nu=1/2 the two-flux composite fermion (CF) series of the fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) at nu=2/3, 3/5, 4/7, and at nu=4/9, 2/5, 1/3. Among these FQHE states, the nu=1/3, 4/7, and 4/9 states are seen for the first time in the Si/SiGe system. Interestingly, of the CF series, the 3/5 state is weaker than the nearby 4/7 state and the 3/7 state is conspicuously missing, resembling the observation in the IQHE regime that the nu=3 is weaker than the nearby nu=4 state. Our results can be quantitatively understood in the picture of CF's with the valley degree of freedom.

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