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Phys Rev Lett. 2004 Sep 24;93(13):137801. Epub 2004 Sep 20.

Time resolved experimental analysis of the electric field induced biaxial order reconstruction in nematics.

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1
Licryl-Liquid Crystal Laboratory, INFM Calabria, c/o Physics Department, University of Calabria, Rende (CS), Italy. barberi@fis.unica1.it

Abstract

We present the time resolved experimental characterization of the biaxial switching between two topologically distinct textures of a nematic liquid crystal cell submitted to a strong electric field. This fast electro-optical effect is governed by the electric induced order reconstruction in the nematic bulk, which is an actual challenge for a complete theoretical description of the nematodynamics. The electric measurements across the cell are suitable to this purpose since they well discriminate among the dielectric, the ionic, and the order reconstruction contributions. A phenomenological model describes the experimental data, allowing the measurements of the order reconstruction characteristic time.

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