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Eur J Hum Genet. 2005 Mar;13(3):292-301.

Mutations in the known genes are not the major cause of MED; distinctive phenotypic entities among patients with no identified mutations.

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  • 1Collagen Research Unit, Biocenter and Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.

Erratum in

  • Eur J Hum Genet. 2005 Oct;13(10):1166. Czarny-Ratacjzak, Malwina [corrected to Czarny-Ratajczak, Malwina].


Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous chondrodysplasia. Mutations in six genes (COMP, COL9A1, COL9A2, COL9A3, MATN3 and DTDST) have been reported, but the genotype-phenotype correlations and the proportions of cases due to mutations in these genes are still not well characterized. We performed a clinical, radiological and molecular analysis of known MED genes on 29 consecutive MED patients. The mutation analysis resulted in identification of the DTDST mutation in four patients (14%), the COMP mutation in three (10%) and the MATN3 mutation in three (10%). Thus, a disease-causing mutation was identified in 10 patients altogether (34%). The phenotypic features observed in the patients with mutations were in accordance with previously described phenotypes, but two new distinct phenotypic entities were identified in patients in whom no mutation was found. One of them was characterized by severe, early-onset dysplasia of the proximal femurs with almost complete absence of the secondary ossification centres and abnormal development of the femoral necks. The other phenotype was characterized by 'mini-epiphyses', resulting in severe dysplasia of the proximal femoral heads. The findings suggest that mutations in the known genes are not the major cause of MED and are responsible for less than half of the cases. The existence of additional MED loci is supported by the exclusion of known loci by mutation analysis and finding of specific subgroups among these patients.

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