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J Biol Chem. 2004 Dec 31;279(53):55737-43. Epub 2004 Nov 1.

Excess mannose limits the growth of phosphomannose isomerase PMI40 deletion strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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MediCel Ltd., Haartmaninkatu 8, FIN-00290 Helsinki, Finland.


Phosphomannose isomerase (PMI40) catalyzes the conversion between fructose 6-phosphate and mannose 6-phosphate and thus connects glycolysis, i.e. energy production and GDP-mannose biosynthesis or cell wall synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. After PMI40 deletion (pmi(-)) the cells were viable only if fed with extracellular mannose and glucose. In an attempt to force the GDP-mannose synthesis in the pmi(-) strain by increasing the extracellular mannose concentrations, the cells showed significantly reduced growth rates without any alterations in the intracellular GDP-mannose levels. To reveal the mechanisms resulting in reduced growth rates, we measured genome-wide gene expression levels, several metabolite concentrations, and selected in vitro enzyme activities in central metabolic pathways. The increasing of the initial mannose concentration led to an increase in the mannose 6-phosphate concentration, which inhibited the activity of the second enzyme in glycolysis, i.e. phosphoglucose isomerase converting glucose 6-phosphate to fructose 6-phosphate. As a result of this limitation, the flux through glycolysis was decreased as was the median expression of the genes involved in glycolysis. The expression levels of RAP1, a transcription factor involved in the regulation of the mRNA levels of several enzymes in glycolysis, as well as those of cell cycle regulators CDC28 and CLN3, decreased concomitantly with the growth rates and expression of many genes encoding for enzymes in glycolysis.

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