Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Tree Physiol. 2005 Jan;25(1):101-8.

Effects of seed origin and sowing time on timing of height growth cessation of Betula pendula seedlings.

Author information

1
Finnish Forest Research Institute, Vantaa Research Centre, P.O. Box 18, FIN-01301 Vantaa, Finland. anneli.vihera-aarnio@metla.fi

Abstract

We studied the effects of seed origin and sowing time on height development and timing of height growth cessation of first-year silver birch (Betula pendula Roth) seedlings in a greenhouse experiment. Seeds of seven origins ranging in latitudes from 58 degrees to 67 degrees N were sown at 1-2-week intervals eight times from May 21 to July 30, 2001. The day/night temperature in the greenhouse was set at 20/10 degrees C, but lighting was natural and day length varied accordingly. Seedling height was measured twice a week. The interaction term between seed origin and sowing date was significant, but the pattern of height development and timing of growth cessation depended systematically on latitude of seed origin and sowing date. As seed origin became increasingly northern, growth cessation began earlier and resulted in shorter growth periods. Later sowing dates delayed growth cessation but also shortened the growth period. Final seedling height systematically decreased with increasingly northern origins and with later sowings. Linear regression analysis predicted timing of growth cessation, night length at growth cessation, length of growth period and final seedling height with high precision when the latitude of seed origin and sowing time were predictor variables. The timing of height growth cessation was determined by the seed origin, night length and developmental stage of the seedlings.

PMID:
15519991
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center