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Life Sci. 2004 Nov 26;76(2):121-35.

Toward a comprehensive model for induced endoreduplication.

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Department of Cell Biology, Faculty of Biology of Seville, Avenue Reina Mercedes 6, E-41012 Seville, Spain.


Both the biological significance and the molecular mechanism of endoreduplication (END) have been debated for a long time by cytogeneticists and researchers into cell cycle enzymology and dynamics alike. Mainly due to the fact that a wide variety of agents have been reported as able to induce endoreduplication and the diversity of cell types where it has been described, until now no clear or unique mechanism of induction of this phenomenon, rare in animals but otherwise quite common in plants, has been proposed. DNA topoisomerase II (topo II), plays a major role in mitotic chromosome segregation after DNA replication. The classical topo II poisons act by stabilizing the enzyme in the so-called cleavable complex and result in DNA damage as well as END, while the true catalytic inhibitors, which are not cleavable-complex-stabilizers, do induce END without concomitant DNA and chromosome damage. Taking into account these observations on the induction of END by drugs that interfere with topo II, together with our recently obtained evidence that the nature of DNA plays an important role for chromosome segregation [Cortes, F., Pastor, N., Mateos, S., Dominguez, I., 2003. The nature of DNA plays a role in chromosome segregation: endoreduplication in halogen-substituted chromosomes. DNA Repair 2, 719-726.], a straightforward model is proposed in which the different mechanisms leading to induced END are considered.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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