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Hum Genet. 1992 Mar;88(6):649-52.

Pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) deficiency caused by a 21-base pair insertion mutation in the E1 alpha subunit.

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Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Belgium.


We report the molecular characterization of a case of a functional PDH-E1 (E1 subunit of pyruvate dehydrogenase) deficiency, a cause of severe congenital lactic acidosis. Residual PDH-E1 activity was reduced to 10% of normal values, although the subunit appeared to be quantitatively and qualitatively normal at the protein level as determined by Western blotting. The sequence of PDH-E1 alpha mRNA and the corresponding genomic DNA revealed an in-frame 21-bp insertion between codons 305 and 306 of the normal E1 alpha cDNA. The mutational insert commences with a novel GAT codon and is a nearly perfect tandem duplication of the wild type DNA sequence. A serine phosphorylation site regulating the activity of the PDH complex is altered by this insertion, which in all likelihood is responsible for the functional enzymatic deficiency leading to lactic acidosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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