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Res Nurs Health. 2004 Dec;27(6):403-12.

Intrauterine growth retardation in full-term newborn infants with birth weights greater than 2,500 g.

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College of Nursing, The Ohio State University, 1585 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.


Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is an overlooked problem in full-term infants with birth weights greater than 2,500 g. Birth weight less than the 10th percentile underestimates the presence of IUGR. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of IUGR in full-term infants and to identify sociodemographic and maternal characteristics associated with IUGR. The Ohio Department of Health Vital Statistics database was used to obtain data related to sociodemographic and maternal characteristics. The fetal growth ratio (FGR) was used to determine the presence of IUGR. The sample consisted of 1,569 infants with normal ratios and 1,364 infants classified as IUGR. Infants with IUGR were more often male and African American or Asian American. Maternal characteristics associated with IUGR included history of smoking during pregnancy, lower pre-pregnancy weight, lower weight gain during pregnancy, and inadequate prenatal care. IUGR is present in a significant number of full-term infants with birth weights greater than 2,500 g. The long-term effects of IUGR in these infants remain to be determined.

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