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Genetics. 2004 Oct;168(2):733-46.

Lrg1p Is a Rho1 GTPase-activating protein required for efficient cell fusion in yeast.

Author information

1
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.

Abstract

To identify additional cell fusion genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we performed a high-copy suppressor screen of fus2Delta. Higher dosage of three genes, BEM1, LRG1, and FUS1, partially suppressed the fus2Delta cell fusion defect. BEM1 and FUS1 were high-copy suppressors of many cell-fusion-defective mutations, whereas LRG1 suppressed only fus2Delta and rvs161Delta. Lrg1p contains a Rho-GAP homologous region. Complete deletion of LRG1, as well as deletion of the Rho-GAP coding region, caused decreased rates of cell fusion and diploid formation comparable to that of fus2Delta. Furthermore, lrg1Delta caused a more severe mating defect in combination with other cell fusion mutations. Consistent with an involvement in cell fusion, Lrg1p localized to the tip of the mating projection. Lrg1p-GAP domain strongly and specifically stimulated the GTPase activity of Rho1p, a regulator of beta(1-3)-glucan synthase in vitro. beta(1-3)-glucan deposition was increased in lrg1Delta strains and mislocalized to the tip of the mating projection in fus2Delta strains. High-copy LRG1 suppressed the mislocalization of beta(1-3) glucan in fus2Delta strains. We conclude that Lrg1p is a Rho1p-GAP involved in cell fusion and speculate that it acts to locally inhibit cell wall synthesis to aid in the close apposition of the plasma membranes of mating cells.

PMID:
15514049
PMCID:
PMC1448843
DOI:
10.1534/genetics.104.028027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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