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J Obstet Gynaecol. 1999 Sep;19(5):474-6.

Obstetric hazards of maternal obesity.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the West Indies, Trinidad.


To test the hypothesis that obesity represents a risk factor in pregnancy, we conducted a prospective case-control study to determine whether or not there was any divergence in the obstetric outcome among 132 obese women from that in a control group of 136 non-obese patients. Obese mothers had an increased incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension and gestational diabetes but there was no significant difference in the duration of pregnancy or in the frequency of low Apgar score at 1 minute. The favourable fetal outcome in obese parturients reflects an increased awareness of the possible medical and obstetric complications and an early recourse to abdominal delivery.

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