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Curr Opin Immunol. 2004 Dec;16(6):709-16.

Regulation and role of transforming growth factor-beta in immune tolerance induction and inflammation.

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Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research, Obere Strasse 22, CH-7270 Davos, Switzerland.


Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is known to mediate pleiotropic functions both inside and outside the immune system. Recent progress in this field underlines the role of TGF-beta in regulatory T (Treg) cells, where it participates in both suppression and differentiation. In addition, recent information highlights the role of TGF-beta in repair responses that lead to matrix deposition and tissue remodelling. Many chronic inflammatory diseases, such as asthma, profit from the suppression of specific immune responses by TGF-beta; however, TGF-beta-mediated tissue remodelling can be a serious complication in such diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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