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Curr Opin Immunol. 2004 Dec;16(6):702-8.

The interplay of dendritic cells, Th2 cells and regulatory T cells in asthma.

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Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Erasmus MC, Dr Molewaterplein 50, 3015 GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands.


Dendritic cells are essential for Th2 differentiation of naive CD4+ T cells in response to aeroallergens, and in recent years it has been well established that these cells play a pivotal role in the initiation phase of allergic asthma. Dendritic cells are also crucial for maintaining eosinophilic airway inflammation by controlling the recruitment and activation of primed Th2 cells in the lung. A picture is emerging wherein the balance of pathogenic Th2 cells and regulatory T cells is tuned by dendritic cells not only at the initiation but also at the effector stage of the allergic immune response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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