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Cancer. 1992 Apr 1;69(7):1674-81.

Nonrandom chromosomal rearrangements in pancreatic carcinomas.

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1
Department of Clinical Genetics, Lund University Hospital, Sweden.

Abstract

Short-term cultures were initiated from 20 carcinomas of the pancreas, 17 of which could be successfully cytogenetically analyzed. In eight carcinomas, only normal karyotypes were detected, probably representing dividing stromal cells. Three cases had -Y as the sole anomaly, which also may have occurred in cells that do not belong to the tumor parenchyma. Massively rearranged karyotypes with modal chromosome numbers in the triploid (five cases) and diploid-triploid (one case) ranges were found in the remaining six carcinomas. Structural rearrangements, including deletions and unbalanced translocations, of the long arm of chromosome 6, involving bands q13 and q15 twice and q11 and q16 once, occurred in four tumors. All of these aberrations led to loss of chromosome material from 6q, always involving 6q15. Deletions and unbalanced translocations of the short arm of chromosome 1 also were found in four cases, affecting band p32 in three of them. In all four cases, the abnormalities resulted in loss of genetic material distal to 1p32. Chromosome 17 was involved in structural aberrations in three cases, twice as unbalanced translocations leading to loss of 17p material. Deletions of the short arms of chromosomes 3 and 8 were detected in two carcinomas. The most consistent numerical abnormalities were +2, +10, +11, +14, and tetrasomy 20, which were seen in all six cases. The findings suggest that structural rearrangements, or loss, of genes located on 1p, 3p, 6q, 8p, and 17p are of pathogenetic importance in pancreatic carcinogenesis.

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