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Glycobiology. 1992 Feb;2(1):77-84.

Glycosylation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: cloning and characterization of an alpha-1,2-mannosyltransferase structural gene.

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Center for Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139.


A gene encoding an alpha-1,2-mannosyltransferase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was cloned and sequenced. The alpha-1,2-mannosyltransferase which utilizes alpha-methylmannoside as acceptor of mannose from GDP-mannose was purified. The enzyme activity was shown to correspond to a 41 kDa protein band on sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. This protein band was digested in situ with trypsin and amino acid sequence information was obtained from four peptides. Degenerate oligonucleotide primers corresponding to the amino acid sequences were designed and used for polymerase chain reactions on yeast genomic DNA. A specific reaction product was used to screen a genomic library of S.cerevisiae. A fragment of approximately 5.7 kb was isolated, of which a 2.9 kb fragment was sequenced. It contained a 1329 base pair open reading frame encoding the peptide sequences of the purified alpha-1,2-mannosyltransferase. The gene, designated MNT1, is located on the right arm of chromosome 4. It encodes a 442 amino acid polypeptide with a calculated mol. wt of 51.4 kDa. The corresponding mRNA has a length of approximately 1.6 kb. Overexpression of the MNT1 gene increased this alpha-1,2-mannosyltransferase activity approximately 2.5-fold. The protein was shown to be modified with N-linked carbohydrate chains and its sequence contains one N-glycosylation site. The enzyme contains a putative membrane-spanning domain near its N-terminus and its topology is thus similar to that of mammalian Golgi glycosyltransferases. This is the first report of the cloning and sequencing of a yeast Golgi mannosyltransferase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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