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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2004 Dec;54(6):1096-102. Epub 2004 Oct 27.

Alternative dosing regimens of liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) effective in treating murine systemic candidiasis.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, CA 91768, USA. jpadler@csupomona.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study was done to determine whether high dose AmBisome (4-20 mg/kg), given intermittently, could reduce the frequency of dosing needed to treat murine systemic candidiasis when compared with conventional daily treatment.

METHODS:

Mice were immunosuppressed with cyclophosphamide every 3 days, beginning day -3 before challenge with log(10) 5.0 cfu Candida albicans. Treatment was begun 48-72 h post-challenge with daily or intermittent dose regimens of AmBisome, followed by determination of kidney cfu for up to 1 month post-treatment.

RESULTS:

A single AmBisome dose of 4 mg/kg was as effective as four daily, 1 mg/kg treatments. A total of 8 mg/kg, given as 4 mg/kg on days 2 and 4, or as 5 mg/kg on day 2 followed by 1 mg/kg on days 3, 4, and 5, also produced comparable efficacy. While 20 mg/kg given day 2, 4 and 6 post-challenge as a 1 week loading dose, followed by one 10 mg/kg treatment on day 13, decreased the fungal burden by up to 5 logs compared with controls (log(10) 2.3 cfu/g and log(10) 7.5 cfu/g, respectively), 20 mg/kg given Monday, Wednesday and Friday for 5 weeks, reduced the fungal burden to undetectable levels (i.e. log(10) 1.0 cfu).

CONCLUSIONS:

Significant reduction or clearance of kidney cfu, following intermittent, high dose AmBisome treatment, indicated that non-daily dosing regimens could be successfully used instead of conventional daily dosing to treat established C. albicans infection in immunosuppressed mice.

PMID:
15509617
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dkh460
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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