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Int Dent J. 2004;54(5 Suppl 1):310-4.

Calcium glycerophosphate and caries: a review of the literature.

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1
Unilever Oral Care, Bebington, Wirral, UK. Richard.Lynch@Unilever.com

Abstract

To review studies in the dental literature regarding the anti-caries mode of action of glycerophosphate with special reference to calcium glycerophosphate. The cariostatic properties of calcium glycerophosphate have been demonstrated during numerous in vivo and in vitro studies. Several mechanisms have been suggested and these include plaque-pH buffering, elevation of plaque calcium and phosphate levels and direct interaction with dental mineral. There is credible evidence that calcium glycerophosphate has the potential to reduce the progression of caries via all of these mechanisms if it is applied frequently and at a sufficiently high concentration. Reduction of plaque mass has also been proposed as a cariostatic mechanism but this seems less likely. Animal studies have shown that the calcium glycerophosphate/sodium monofluorophosphate system can have a greater anti-caries effect than sodium monofluorophosphate alone and this was subsequently confirmed in a caries clinical trial. We conclude that elevation of calcium levels in plaque is the most likely explanation and that any means of enhancing this effect has significant promise as a means to further increase in anti-caries potential of the calcium glycerophosphate/sodium monofluorophosphate system compared to sodium monofluorophosphate alone.

PMID:
15509082
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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