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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Oct;191(4):1103-12.

Managing the sexually transmitted disease pandemic: a time for reevaluation.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alberta, 2935-66 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6K 4C1. sgenuis@ualberta.ca

Abstract

The serious implications of the sexually transmitted disease (STD) pandemic that currently challenges educators, medical practitioners and governments suggest that prevention strategies, which primarily focus on barrier protection and the management of infection, must be reevaluated and that initiatives focusing on primary prevention of behaviors predisposing individuals to STD risk must be adopted. Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, human papillomavirus, genital herpes, and Chlamydia are used to illustrate the pervasive presence of STDs and their serious consequences for individuals and national infrastructures. Long-term sequelae are discussed, including the emerging link between various sexually transmitted infections and cancer, and the psychosexual and psychosocial factors which impact infected individuals. Although risk reduction and treatment of existing infection is critical, the promotion of optimal life-long health can be achieved most effectively through delayed sexual debut, partner reduction, and the avoidance of risky sexual behaviors.

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PMID:
15507928
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajog.2004.03.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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