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Cell. 2004 Oct 29;119(3):369-80.

The pathway of HCV IRES-mediated translation initiation.

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1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

Abstract

The HCV internal ribosome entry site (IRES) directly regulates the assembly of translation initiation complexes on viral mRNA by a sequential pathway that is distinct from canonical eukaryotic initiation. The HCV IRES can form a binary complex with an eIF-free 40S ribosomal subunit. Next, a 48S-like complex assembles at the AUG initiation codon upon association of eIF3 and ternary complex. 80S complex formation is rate limiting and follows the GTP-dependent association of the 60S subunit. Efficient assembly of the 48S-like and 80S complexes on the IRES mRNA is dependent upon maintenance of the highly conserved HCV IRES structure. This revised model of HCV IRES translation initiation provides a context to understand the function of different HCV IRES domains during translation initiation.

PMID:
15507208
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2004.09.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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