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Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 1992 Feb;15(1):80-9.

Cloning, analysis, and heterologous expression of a polyketide synthase gene cluster of Streptomyces curacoi.

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Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.


Streptomyces curacoi produces curamycin, an antibiotic based on a modified orsellinic acid skeleton that is synthesized by the polyketide pathway. We have cloned, characterized, and partly sequenced a polyketide synthase gene cluster of S. curacoi. The sequence data reveal an organization of open reading frames that is similar to those of other polyketide synthetic clusters, although the biosynthetic products differ considerably in size and structure. We propose that one of the predicted open reading frames (curA) encodes polykeptide synthase, on the basis of its homology with other enzymes with similar functions. Expression of the cloned chromosomal fragment in the heterologous host S. lividans leads to the production of a brown pigment in large quantities. The analysis and expression of the cur genes for detailed molecular studies of the mechanism of polyketide biosynthesis is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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