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Aust N Z J Surg. 1992 Apr;62(4):266-9.

The rational use of homologous blood in elective surgery.

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Department of Surgical Oncology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales.


The supply of homologous blood in Australia is limited, but the demand for blood and blood products is steadily increasing. Elective surgery is a major part of this demand. In many institutions the blood ordering practices for elective surgery have been haphazard. This study was undertaken to document current patterns of blood use in a major city teaching hospital. A retrospective analysis of blood ordering and transfusion for elective surgical procedures was carried out over a 12 month period. As in several previous studies, an inefficient use of blood was demonstrated. Possible strategies to rationalize the use of blood in elective surgery have been proposed. These include the use of a 'group and screen' procedure instead of a full cross-match when transfusion is unlikely to be necessary, and ordering according to a 'maximum blood order schedule' when transfusion is usually required for a procedure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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