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Arch Virol. 1992;123(1-2):157-67.

Biological characterization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and type 2 mutants in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

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Research Center for Immunodeficiency, Kyoto University, Japan.


Mutants of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and type 2 (HIV-2), which have been shown to be infectious in established cell lines, were tested for ability to replicate and induce syncytium formation in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The vpu mutant of HIV-1 showed depressed kinetics of replication in an established T cell line, as reported previously, but in PBMC, its replication was similar to that of the wild type virus. The vpx gene of HIV-2 was required for efficient virus propagation in PBMC, but not in an established T cell line, as previously reported. However, the growth rates of the vpx mutant in PBMC preparations from two individuals were different. The results of experiments on infection of PBMC with the vif and vpr mutants of HIV-1 and HIV-2 were essentially consistent with previous results of infection of established T cell lines. No negative effect of the nef gene products of HIV-1 and HIV-2 was observed. The abilities of the wild type virus and the mutants of HIV-1 to induce syncytium formation in both PBMC and established cell lines were similar. In contrast, neither the wild type nor any of the mutants of HIV-2 induced syncytium formation in PBMC. These results suggest that the functions of some genes can be detected only in mixed populations or primary cells such as PBMC. Studies on the roles of these genes in PBMC may provide a better understanding of their functions in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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