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J Pain Symptom Manage. 2004 Nov;28(5):433-44.

Prostate cancer in African Americans: relationship of patient and partner self-efficacy to quality of life.

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Pain Prevention & Treatment Research, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Medicine, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.


This study examined the relationship between patient and partner ratings of self-efficacy for symptom control and quality of life (QOL) among 40 African American prostate cancer survivors and their intimate partners. Data analyses revealed that cancer survivors who had rated their self-efficacy for symptom control higher reported better QOL related to urinary, bowel, and hormonal symptoms and better general health QOL (i.e., better physical functioning and better mental health). Data analyses also revealed that partners who rated their self-efficacy for helping the patient manage symptoms as higher reported better QOL (i.e., less negative mood and less caregiver strain). Finally, exploratory analyses indicated that higher self-efficacy in patients was associated with less anxiety and caregiver strain in partners, and higher self-efficacy in partners was associated with better adjustment to bowel and hormonal symptoms and better mental health in patients. The clinical implications of these findings are discussed and future directions for research on self-efficacy in African American prostate cancer survivors are identified.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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