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Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Oct;10(10):1729-35.

Strain typing methods and molecular epidemiology of Pneumocystis pneumonia.

Author information

1
Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, USA. cbeard@cdc.gov

Abstract

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) caused by the opportunistic fungal agent Pneumocystis jirovecii (formerly P. carinii) continues to cause illness and death in HIV-infected patients. In the absence of a culture system to isolate and maintain live organisms, efforts to type and characterize the organism have relied on polymerase chain reaction-based approaches. Studies using these methods have improved understanding of PCP epidemiology, shedding light on sources of infection, transmission patterns, and potential emergence of antimicrobial resistance. One concern, however, is the lack of guidance regarding the appropriateness of different methods and standardization of these methods, which would facilitate comparing results reported by different laboratories.

PMID:
15504257
PMCID:
PMC3323257
DOI:
10.3201/eid1010.030981
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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