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Microbiol Immunol. 2004;48(10):723-8.

Identification and characterization of the pswP gene required for the parallel production of prodigiosin and serrawettin W1 in Serratia marcescens.

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Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan.


Serratia marcescens mutants defective in production of the red pigment prodigiosin and the biosurfactant serrawettin W1 in parallel were isolated by transposon mutagenesis of strain 274. Cloning of the DNA fragment required for production of these secondary metabolites with different chemical structures pointed out a novel open reading frame (ORF) named pswP. The putative product PswP (230 aa) has the distinct signature sequence consensus among members of phosphopantetheinyl transferase (PPTase) which phosphopantetheinylates peptidyl carrier protein (PCP) mostly integrated in the nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) system. Since serrawettin W1 belongs to the cyclodepsipeptides, which are biosynthesized through the NRPSs system, and one pyrrole ring in prodigiosin has been reported as a derivative of L -proline tethered to phosphopantetheinylated PCP, the mutation in the single gene pswP seems responsible for parallel failure in production of prodigiosin and serrawettin W1.

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