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Anesth Analg. 2004 Nov;99(5):1365-75; table of contents.

Neurological monitoring for congenital heart surgery.

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Department of Pediatric Cardiovascular Anesthesiology, Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, 6621 Fannin WT19345H, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


The incidence of neurological complications after pediatric cardiac surgery ranges from 2% to 25%. The causes are multifactorial and include preoperative brain malformations, perioperative hypoxemia and low cardiac output states, sequelae of cardiopulmonary bypass, and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Neurological monitoring devices are readily available and the anesthesiologist can now monitor the brain during pediatric cardiac surgery. In this review we discuss near-infrared cerebral oximetry, transcranial Doppler ultrasound, and electroencephalographic monitors for use during congenital heart surgery. After review of the basic principles of each monitoring modality, we discuss their uses during pediatric heart surgery. We present evidence that multimodal neurological monitoring in conjunction with a treatment algorithm may improve neurological outcome for patients undergoing congenital heart surgery and present one such algorithm.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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