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J Am Diet Assoc. 2004 Nov;104(11):1684-91.

Changes in food group consumption patterns from childhood to young adulthood: the Bogalusa Heart Study.

Author information

1
Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Ave, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to assess changes in food group consumption patterns from childhood to young adulthood.

DESIGN:

Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls were collected on a longitudinal sample of young adults.

SUBJECTS/SETTING:

Dietary intake data were collected on 246 young adults (70% European American, 30% African American) aged 19 to 28 years who participated in a previous cross-sectional survey when they were 10-year-olds.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES:

Descriptive statistics and linear mixed models adjusting for study time (age), sex, and ethnicity.

RESULTS:

In childhood, consumption of fruits/fruit juice and mixed meats ( P </=.05), desserts, candy, and milk ( P </=.0001) were greater than in young adulthood. Young adulthood consumption was greater for sweetened beverages, poultry and seafood ( P </=.001), salty snacks ( P </=.05), and beef ( P </=.01) compared to childhood. Milk consumption decreased, but the decrease was greater among males ( P </=.0001). Sweetened beverage consumption increased, but the increase was greater for European Americans ( P </=.0001). Candy consumption decreased, but the decrease was greater for African Americans ( P </=.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Changes occur in food group consumption patterns from childhood to young adulthood. Overall, there was a decrease in diet quality during this age transition. Understanding eating habits of children early in life is important for planning effective intervention strategies.

PMID:
15499355
DOI:
10.1016/j.jada.2004.07.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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