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Blood. 2005 Feb 15;105(4):1405-7. Epub 2004 Oct 21.

Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1-induced angiogenesis is mediated by vascular endothelial growth factor-A.

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Department of Cardiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 388-1 Pungnap-2 dong Songpa-gu 138-736, Seoul, South Korea.


Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) has been recognized as an angiogenic chemokine. In the present study, we investigated the detailed mechanism by which MCP-1 induces angiogenesis. We found that MCP-1 up-regulated hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha) gene expression in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs), which induced vascular endothelial growth factor-A(165) (VEGF-A(165)) expression in the aortic wall and HAECs through activation of p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). In vivo angiogenesis assay using chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) showed that MCP-1-induced angiogenesis was as potent as that induced by VEGF-A(165) and completely inhibited by a VEGF inhibitor, Flt(2-11). The inhibition of RhoA small G protein did not affect MCP-1-induced VEGF-A(165) production and secretion but completely blocked both MCP-1- and VEGF-A-induced new vessel formation, as determined by CAM assay. These results suggest that MCP-1-induced angiogenesis is composed largely of 2 sequential steps: the induction of VEGF-A gene expression by MCP-1 and the subsequent VEGF-A-induced angiogenesis.

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