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Cell Stress Chaperones. 2004 Summer;9(2):122-33.

On mechanisms that control heat shock transcription factor activity in metazoan cells.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Miami, Gautier Building, Room 403, 1011 NW 15th Street, Miami, FL 33136, USA. rvoellmy@molbio.med.miami.edu

Abstract

Heat shock factor Hsf in nonvertebrate animals and homologous heat shock factor Hsf1 in vertebrate animals are key transcriptional regulators of the stress protein response. Hsf/Hsf1 is constitutively present in cells but is, typically, only active during periods during which cells are experiencing a physical or chemical proteotoxic stress. It has become increasingly clear that regulation of Hsf/Hsf1 activity occurs at multiple levels: the oligomeric status of Hsf/Hsf1, its DNA-binding ability, posttranslational modification, transcriptional competence, nuclear/ subnuclear localization, as well as its interactions with regulatory cofactors or other transcription factors all appear to be carefully controlled. This review emphasizes work reported over the past several years suggesting that regulation at several of these levels is mediated by repressive interactions of Hsp90-containing multichaperone complexes and/or individual chaperones and Hsf/Hsf1.

PMID:
15497499
PMCID:
PMC1065292
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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