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Health Econ. 2005 May;14(5):537-44.

The impact of diabetes on employment: genetic IVs in a bivariate probit.

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1
University of Texas School of Public Health, School of Public Health Building (RAHC), Texas, USA.

Abstract

Diabetes has been shown to have a detrimental impact on employment and labor market productivity, which results in lost work days and higher mortality/disability. This study utilizes data from the Border Epidemiologic Study on Aging to analyze the endogeneity of diabetes in an employment model. We use family history of diabetes as genetic instrumental variables. We show that assuming that diabetes is an exogenous variable results in an overestimate (underestimate) of the negative impact of diabetes on female (male) employment. Our results are particularly relevant in the case of populations where genetic predisposition has an important role in the etiology of diabetes.

PMID:
15497131
DOI:
10.1002/hec.942
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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