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Biochem Soc Trans. 2004 Nov;32(Pt 5):840-2.

Regulation of cellular processes by PPARgamma ligands in neuroblastoma cells is modulated by the level of retinoblastoma protein expression.

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  • 1Development and Cell Biology, University of Southampton, Bassett Crescent East, Southampton SO16 7PX, UK.


Neuroblastoma is a childhood cancer, which spontaneously regresses. This has led to a search for agents that mimic this process. We show that both natural and synthetic ligands of PPARgamma (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor gamma) inhibit the growth of neuroblastoma cells in vitro. The degree of PPAR activation was attenuated however in the presence of the retinoblastoma protein. Addition of trichostatin A, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, abolished retinoblastoma protein repression of PPAR activity. Moreover, enhanced growth inhibition was observed when neuroblastoma cells were treated with a PPARgamma ligand and a histone deacetylase inhibitor, suggesting a combination therapy to treat neuroblastoma might prove more effective than using either agent alone.

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