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Int J Oncol. 2004 Nov;25(5):1415-21.

Epigenetic silencing of E- and P-cadherin gene expression in human melanoma cell lines.

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1
Division of Cancer-Related Genes, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Hokkaido University, Kita-15, Nishi-7, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0815, Japan.

Abstract

The degree of E- and P-cadherin expressions inversely correlate with the progression stage of human melanoma. In the present study, we analyzed mechanisms of down-regulation of E- and P-cadherin gene expressions in 8 human melanoma cell lines. In 5 of the 8 melanoma cell lines, E-cadherin expression was lost or markedly decreased compared to that in normal melanocytes, and 4 of the 5 melanoma cell lines lost P-cadherin expression. All of the melanoma cell lines expressed snail, which is known to encode a transcription repressor for E-cadherin, at a higher level than melanocytes whereas expression levels of the snail varied among cell lines. Transduction of snail gene into MMAc cells which expressed a high level of E-cadherin and an extremely low level of snail decreased expression of E-cadherin but not P-cadherin. In contrast, transduction of antisense-snail gene into A375M cells which expressed no E-cadherin and a high level of snail restored expression of E-cadherin but not P-cadherin. Methylation-specific PCR analysis revealed CpG methylation in the promoter region of E-cadherin of MeWo and AKI cells. Further, the treatment with a demethylating agent, 5-azacytidine led AKI and A375M cells to re-express both E- and P-cadherin. The results show E-cadherin gene is silenced by at least two distinct mechanisms (methylation and transrepression by Snail) in human melanoma cell lines whereas P-cadherin gene seems to be silenced by methylation but not by snail.

PMID:
15492833
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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