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Cell Cycle. 2004 Nov;3(11):1451-6. Epub 2004 Nov 8.

Brca1-deficient murine mammary epithelial cells have increased sensitivity to CDDP and MMS.

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Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68198-6805, USA.


In this report we describe the isolation of an isogenic pair of Brca1(++) and Brca1(-/-) murine mammary epithelial cells (MMECs). These cells were isolated from Brca1 conditional knock out mice which contained loxP sites flanking exon 11 of the Brca1 gene (Brca1(fl/f1)) and then immortalized by infection with HPV-16E6 retrovirus to degrade p53 protein. Brca1(-/-) MMECs were generated by deletion of exon 11 following transduction of Brca1(fl/f1) MMECs with a retroviral vector expressing Cre recombinase. Brca1-deficiency rendered MMECs sensitive to cis-platinum (II) diamine dichloride (CDDP) and methylmethane sulfonate (MMS). The Brca1(+/+) and Brca1(-/-) MMECS is the only known pair of isogenic mammary epithelial cell lines. The understanding of the mechanisms of the CDDP sensitivity of the BRCA1-deficient mammary epithelial cells would be very important in understanding how BRCA1-deficiency plays out in tissue specific breast cancer chemotherapy. These studies support the role of BRCA1 in the CDDP-induced and MMS-induced DNA damage and repair by p53-independent pathways.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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