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Perit Dial Int. 2004 Sep-Oct;24(5):478-80.

Bleeding complications associated with peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion.

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Renal-Electrolyte Division, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.



To identify the incidence of bleeding complications associated with peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion.


Retrospective review at a tertiary-care center of all double-cuffed Tenckhoff catheters placed surgically from 1 January 1992 to 1 October 2003 to identify the incidence of major bleeding complications occurring with catheter insertion. Major bleeding episodes were defined as > or = 3% decline in hematocrit, or the need for surgical intervention or blood transfusion within 2 weeks of insertion.


292 catheters had been inserted in 263 patients. Six patients satisfied the criteria for a major bleeding event, for a major bleeding complication rate of 2%. Bleeding was associated with perioperative anticoagulation in 3 patients, uremia and thrombocytopenia in 1 patient, aspirin use and thrombocytopenia in 1 patient, and 1 patient experienced intraoperative bleeding. Coagulation parameters were not obtained prior to the procedure in 2 of the 6 patients.


The rate of serious bleeding complications related to catheter insertion is low and usually associated with anticoagulation. Holding anticoagulation therapy for a minimum of 24 hours during the postoperative period should eliminate much of the risk. Coagulation parameters should also be obtained and corrected preoperatively.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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