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[Development and evaluation of a training program in shared decision making for primary care of depressive patients].

[Article in German]

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Abteilung Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinikum Freiburg, Freiburg.


Patient surveys show that many patients want broad information about their disease and treatment. Often they are interested to participate in the process of medical decision making, which could be realised with the concept of shared decision making where patient's values and needs are considered to the same extent as the treatment recommendations of evidence-based medicine. In depression care, it has been demonstrated so far that the active involvement of patients contributes to higher motivation for treatment. For enhancing patient's acceptance and motivation to avail themselves of medical treatment, a training program for general practitioners was developed and evaluated. It was the aim of the training to involve depressive patients in medical decision making. The training consists of depression-specific components (e. g. diagnosis, patient information, therapy) and general components (communication and shared decision making). The training was carried out in five sessions within a 6-month period (May to October 2003) embracing 20 h of training. Participants were 20 general practitioners in Southwest Germany. Physician's satisfaction with the training program is high. Especially in the fields of diagnosis and shared decision making the physicians clearly benefited. Transfer of shared decision making into daily routine was assessed as possible by the large majority of the trainees. Application of the training concept to other diseases and evaluation on the basis of daily routine is recommended. The training effects on medical care are presently being assessed in a randomised controlled trial.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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