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Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2004;99(5 Suppl 1):93-5. Epub 2004 Oct 13.

Interactions between schistosomiasis and human immunodeficiency virus in Western Kenya.

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  • 1Division of Parasitic Diseases, Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Center for Infectious Diseases, CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA.


For the past ten years, we have been exploring the relationship between schistosomiasis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) and how coinfection with both agents may affect the pathology and progression of each infection. To date, given the systems we have examined, the effects of HIV-1 on schistosomiasis have been more profound than the effects of schistosomiasis on HIV-1 progression. Additional key questions with important public health implications remain unanswered, but hopefully not unanswerable.

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