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Geriatr Nurs. 2004 Sep-Oct;25(5):286-91.

Music preference and relaxation in Taiwanese elderly people.

Author information

1
Nursing Department, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify individual musical preferences, investigate the relationship between an individual's musical preferences and demographic variables, and examine the effects of the selected music on relaxation. Fifty healthy subjects (mean age 65.7; SD = 5.2) from the community participated in the study. Musical preference interviews and relaxed responses to selected music were administered to the study participants individually in the investigator's office. Participants' heart rates, respiratory rates, and finger temperature were measured before they listened to the introductory tape and again after they listened to the selected music for 20 minutes. The participants were asked to judge how much they liked the 6 types of soothing music and were asked to rate it on a scale. The results indicated that Chinese orchestral music was the preferred choice, followed by harp, piano, synthesizer, orchestral, and finally slow jazz. There were no differences among types of music on relaxation, and no significant differences between musical preference and any demographic variables. The heart rates and respiratory rates of the participants were significantly lower (t = 21.24, P < .001 and t = 20.09, P < .001, respectively). Finger temperature (t = -33.20, P < .001) raised significantly after listening to the selected music. These findings suggest that soothing music selections have beneficial effects on relaxation in community-residing elderly people.

PMID:
15486546
DOI:
10.1016/j.gerinurse.2004.08.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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